--1 Kings 22:28 Moses tells them how he had chosen leaders from each tribe when he needed help (Exodus 18 or Numbers 11). The Prophet is described in the terms of Deuteronomy 5:28–29 and 18:18–19—a prophet “like Moses.”13 The King is described in terms of Balaam’s prophecy in Numbers 24:17: “A star rises from Jacob, A scepter arises from Israel.”14 And the Priest is described in terms of Deuteronomy 33:8–11 “And of Levi he said: Let your Thummim and Urim Be with Your faithful one.” The fourth citation is a reference to Joshua and the foundation of Jericho. Concerning the future (unspecified) prophet (Deuteronomy 18:9–22). Summary of The Book: Deuteronomy is all about repetition and re-enforcement, for indeed the word ‘Deuteronomy’ can be translated as ‘Repetition of the law’. Brigham Young is referred to by the saints as the Mormon Moses or the American Moses who delivered them from bondage and led them into the wilderness to the Promised Land.33 For Latter-day Saints the prophecy of Deuteronomy 18 that the Lord will raise up a prophet like Moses has been fulfilled in the past by Christ and others and continues to be fulfilled through the Restoration to the present day. The nations in the land before them had abominable ways that the Lord God of Israel detested. Deuteronomy Chapter 18 Summary. It is here promised concerning Christ, that there should come a Prophet, great above all the prophets; by whom God would make known himself and his will to the children of men, more fully and clearly than he had ever done before. Original pagination and page numbers have necessarily changed, otherwise the reprint has the same content as the original. THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE NATIONS ARE TO BE AVOIDED. «Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua» 1 2 3 Says he comes from God, is sent by him, and has a commission from him to say so. 13. 2:20–21; cf. This passage reads: “Until the rise of one who will teach righteousness (yoreh hatsedek) in the end of days” (CD 6:10–11). The following references of the NT mention Moses as author of Deuteronomy: Matthew 22:24 (Deuteronomy 25:5); Acts 3:22; Acts 7:37 (Deuteronomy 18:15-16); Hebrews 12:21 (Deuteronomy 9:19). Read Deuteronomy 18:9-22 at Bible Gateway.. In particular some believe that the Teacher of Righteousness was the author of the Temple Scroll, a work that may have been intended to serve as the law for the eschatological period as alluded to in the Rule of the Community.21 A study by George Brooke titled “Was the Teacher of Righteousness Considered to Be a Prophet?” provides a comprehensive survey of the evidence for whether the Teacher was considered a prophet at all and if so whether he was considered to be the prophet “like Moses.”22. The view of God which he gives, will not terrify or overwhelm, but encourages us. Deuteronomy 18:18 - I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I … So the most common specific identification of the eschatological prophet “like Moses” in all of these traditions is Elijah. And his inheritance,] i.e., Whatsoever by the law belonged to the Lord, as decimae Deo sacrae, &c. His power was not just that he would be a prophet, but that he would be a prophet “like Moses.”. The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. It was also a summary of the book of Numbers—the experiences the people had because of refusing to trust the Lord. On the other hand the prophet mentioned in the Rule of the Community IX, 9–11 who will serve as a forerunner to these messiahs is only specifically mentioned in the scrolls here and in Testimonia. Care is taken that the priests entangle not themselves with the affairs of this life, nor enrich themselves with the wealth of this world; they have better things to mind. No leavened bread is to be seen within their coast for seven days. He speaks with fatherly affection and Divine authority united. ( C) Likewise, the Book of Mormon also alludes to the prophecy twice, identifying the future prophet as Christ. Summary of The Book of Deuteronomy Quick Overview of Deuteronomy. While it is not clear if the three figures together, or one or another of them, will fulfill this role in the Rule of the Community, it seems apparent in Testimonia (4Q175), which was written in the same hand as 1QS, that this legal role is the role of the future prophet “like Moses” referred to in Deuteronomy. Moses is considered functioning as a prophet—although not explicitly called as such. Rather, he is presented as the divinely inspired and ordained exegete of the prophetic word.”29 The consensus among scholars is that while the Teacher of Righteousness had many of the characteristics of a prophet, and may even have been considered by the Community as a prophet, he should not to be equated with the prophet “like Moses.” Ironically, the fact that Moses is actually never explicitly called a prophet in Deuteronomy or in the Torah, the Teacher of Righteousness may be exactly a prophet “like Moses” in the sense that he, like Moses, functioned as a prophet, but was never actually called a prophet. 1 Maccabees 14:41: “The Jews and their priests have resolved that Simon should be their leader and high priest forever, until a trustworthy prophet should arise.” While these passages are somewhat vague they appear to refer to the coming of a future individual prophet although they do not necessarily refer to this prophet being like Moses. At the end of every seven years you shall grant a release of debts. Another proposed identification of the prophet “like Moses” is the prophet Elijah. Whatever is against the plain sense of the written word, or which gives countenance or encouragement to sin, we may be sure is not that which the Lord has spoken. As noted by Brooke: “This was not done explicitly by him claiming the title ‘prophet,’ but in terms of how he projected himself indirectly as a new Moses, as a new Jeremiah, as imitating the prophetic servant of the Isaianic servant songs, and even in his very act of writing hymnic poetry that could be understood prophetically.”25, Even if the Teacher of Righteous was considered by the Community to be a prophet, it is strange that the term is never used about him. Deuteronomy 18:9-22 New International Version (NIV) Occult Practices. Several texts, such as the War Scroll (1QM) and the Pesharim, deal almost exclusively with the end of time. It is Narrative History and Law, although there is a Song from Moses just after he commissions Joshua. The second time it is Jesus during his visit to the Americas attesting “Behold, I am he of whom Moses spake, saying: A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me” (3 Ne. – –1-4 – –Moses repeats the history of the children of Israel, – – 5-26 – – Moses repeats the moral law (10 Commandments), the ceremonial law (sacrifices and offerings) and the civil law (judicial laws, dietary codes, punishments, etc.). DEUTERONOMY SUMMARY. 18 The Levitical. Number two, when Israel came into the land that God prepared for them to have, they were not to learn and do the customs of the nations that were there. The paragraphs marked by an “s” at their close are weak paragraphs, which indicate a change of facet but not a change of theme or topic. Deuteronomy 18:21 And if you say in your heart, 'How may we know the word that the LORD has not spoken?' They shall live on the food offerings. Perhaps echoing Malachi, Qumran texts also expect the return of Elijah and a Moses-like prophet among the sectarian (1QS, 4Q175, 11Q13) and the non-sectarian [Page 277]texts (4Q558, 4Q521).30 And in 4Q558 Malachi 3:23 [4:5] is quoted directly referring to the return of Elijah. Of course the office of eschatological teacher may also be one assumed by the Teacher of Righteousness as a priest. King Noah’s response to the [Page 279]prophet “Who is Abinadi?” (Mosiah 11:27) echoes Pharaoh’s “Who is the LORD?” (Exod. Bible summary by chapter Monday, 24 January 2011. For example the king is called the “Prince of the Congregation” (CD 7:20; 4Q285.5.5; 6:2–10; 1QM 5, 1; 4QpIsaa 2:14), and the priest is called the “interpreter of the Law” (CD 7:18; 4QFlor 1.i.11). The Prophet is described in the terms of Deuteronomy 5:28–29 and 18:18–19—a prophet “like Moses.” 13 The King is described in terms of Balaam’s prophecy in Numbers 24:17: “A star rises from Jacob, A scepter arises from Israel.” 14 And the Priest is described in terms of Deuteronomy 33:8–11 “And of Levi he said: Let your Thummim and Urim Be with Your faithful one.” I will raise up a prophet for them from among their own people, like yourself: I will put My words in his mouth and he will speak to them all that I command him. © 2020 The Interpreter Foundation. 1:9). Previous to this, Jahweh had been worshipped only as the most powerful of a variety of gods. We will first examine two candidates that have been proposed for the “prophet like Moses” at Qumran: the Teacher of Righteousness and Elijah. All research and opinions provided on this site are the sole responsibility of their respective authors, and should not be interpreted as the opinions of the Board, nor as official statements of LDS doctrine, belief or practice. In Pesher Habakkuk 7:4 the Teacher of Righteousness is described: “Interpreted this concerns the Teacher of Righteousness, to whom God made known all the mysteries (raz) of the words of His servants the Prophets.”23 And in 8:1–3: “Interpreted, this concerns all those who observe the Law in the House of Judah, whom God will deliver from the House of Judgement because of their suffering and because of their faith in the Teacher of Righteousness.”24, In regards to the question as to whether the Teacher of Righteousness was to be considered a prophet at all, if we were to assume there is autobiographical material about the Teacher of Righteousness in the Hodayot, there are many examples of the author portraying himself with prophetic attributes. This is the epic conclusion of the Torah! REMEMBER YAHWEH YOUR GOD. Debts are to be released in the seventh year (Deuteronomy 15:1–11). The first sermon recorded in chapters 1 to 4 reminded the people of where they came from. Summary of passages: Deuteronomy 1: God tells the people to break camp and move into the Promised Land. Him you shall hear, according to all you desired of the LORD your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, "Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, nor let me see this great fire anymore, lest I die." (15-22). And, 4) How do the interpretations of this prophet in the Dead Sea Scrolls fit in with the history of the interpretation of this prophecy in Judaism and Christianity? Here we are interested in the passage in Deuteronomy 18:15–18 that talks about the Lord raising up a prophet “like Moses.” In the two relevant passages, verses 15 and 18, the Lord speaking to Moses says: 15. 1 Maccabees 4:45–46 reads: “So they tore down [Page 269]the altar, and stored the stones in a convenient place on the temple hill until a prophet should come to tell what to do with them.” And Regulations for the priesthood are given (Deuteronomy 23:1–8). He that has the benefit of solemn religious assemblies, ought to give help for the comfortable support of those that minister in such assemblies. Cities of Refuge; extent of land and extremity of Law, Deu 19. CHRIST THE PROPHET IS TO BE HEARD. © 2020 Christianity.com. 4:14) is reminiscent of the language and theology of Deuteronomy (cf. There is a passage in Deuteronomy 18:15–18 that speaks of a future prophet like Moses. They shall govern themselves using the original precepts by which the men of the Yahad began to be instructed, doing so until there come the Prophet and the Messiahs of Aaron and Israel. Reflecting the emphasis in the Dead Sea Scrolls on the messianic figures over the future prophet much has been written about the significance and identification of the two messianic figures.19 Let us look at some texts from Qumran that describe the prophet, and the possible candidates of this figure, to develop a list of similar epithets and characteristics of the future prophet like Moses to see if a possible identification of who this prophet was thought to be is possible. The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet from among your own people, like myself; him you shall heed. In his birth he should be one of their nation. Commentary on Deuteronomy 18:15-22 (Read Deuteronomy 18:15-22) It is here promised concerning Christ, that there should come a Prophet, great above all the prophets; by whom God would make known himself and his will to the children of men, more fully and clearly than he had ever done before. ’Eruv 43b) also relate the future coming of Elijah as related in Malachi. After describing the nature of humans to seek after the future through divination and omens, as condemned in Deuteronomy 18:14, Philo says: “A prophet possessed by God will suddenly appear and give prophetic oracles” (De specialibus legibus 1:64–65).7 This is one of the clearest passages that demonstrates the Jewish interpretation of a single future prophet. Laws regulating murder, marriage and delinquent sons, Deu 21. The text in 34:10–12 reads: “Never again did there arise in Israel a prophet like Moses—whom the LORD singled out face to face, for the various signs and portents that the Lord sent him to display in the land of Egypt, against Pharaoh and all his courtiers and his whole country, and for all the great might and awesome power that Moses displayed before all Israel.”1 The title of Moses as prophet is relatively rare in the Hebrew Bible and is only alluded to here and elsewhere in Hosea 12:14. And a passage in Acts 7:37 reads: “This is the Moses who said to the Israelites, ‘God will raise up a prophet for you from your own people as he raised me up.’”, Consequently, much of the scholarship on the “prophet like Moses” has been generated by New Testament studies and much of this scholarship deals with the eschatological prophet in conjunction with the future messiah or messiahs.8. From a close reading of the text we can summarize what we do know. 4:46; Philo, De specialibus legibus 1:64–65), Christians (John 1:21, 45; 6:14; 7:40; Acts 3:22; 7:37) and Muslims (who identify this prophet as Muhammad in the Quran 7:157) interpreted the singular reference to a prophet as a specific individual. 34:5; Num. They were told to live on the food and offerings that were presented to the Lord. In particular, the survey is looking for any interpretations that point to a single individual future prophet, and if other interpretations before the New Testament identify this prophet with the Messiah. He is the Light of the world, John 8:12. He is the World by whom God speaks to us, John 1:1; Hebrews 1:2. Deuteronomy 18:1 The priests the Levites, [and] all the tribe of Levi, shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel: they shall eat the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and his inheritance. It is amazing to think that there should be any pretenders of this kind in such a land, and day of light, as we live in. 3) Who are the possible candidates to fulfill this role? Book of Deuteronomy Summary. If there is someone who does not heed my words which the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account. 90:1). Moses takes the occasion here, near the end of his life, to write down and reinforce the laws and statutes, lest the people forget what has happened when they disobeyed in the past! The commandment repeated by prophets throughout the Book of Mormon: “And inasmuch as ye shall keep my commandments, ye shall prosper…And inasmuch as thy brethren shall rebel against thee, they shall be cut off from the presence of the Lord” (1 Ne. He will lead them in the paths of safety and peace, until He brings them to the land of perfect light, purity, and happiness. All Rights Reserved. The account of his call in Jeremiah 1 shows parallels with the call of Moses in Exodus 3. The standard scholarly interpretation of this passage is expressed by S.R. Whoever refuses to listen to Jesus Christ, shall find it is at his peril; the same that is the Prophet is to be his Judge, John 12:48. Covenant: The Book of Deuteronomy restates God’s love for Israel, the history of His provision for them, the benefits or blessings of walking in covenant with God, and the consequences for disobeying the stipulations of the covenant (see the summary in 28:1-68). They became prophetic leaders and lawgivers to their people, and constantly reiterated the blessings and curses of the covenant, similar to those in Deuteronomy, associated with the promised land. Moses delivers his final words of warning and wisdom to the Israelites before they enter the promised land. 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